History

Markaland

January 1, 0000

Markaland

In the beginning of his history Marken was located on the edge of a bog where the land ran into the water of the “Mare Flevo”. Marken, or earlier called ‘Markaland’, is probably derived from the word ‘mark’, meaning; ‘boundary’.

Reclamation

January 1, 1000

Reclamation

In the 11th century the actual mining began. About at the year 1000 AD. there was no ‘island Marken’. Along streams and on the highest humps, they began to create new villages.

Eiland Marken

February 16, 1164

Eiland Marken

On February 17th 1164, the ‘St. Juliana Flood’ hit the North Sea coast, this caused extensive damage. Due to this flood Markaland was seperated from the county ‘Waterland’ and because of this the ‘island Marken’ was born.

Monks

January 1, 1235

Monks

In the year 1232 the Norbertine Monks got the city of Hallum (which was located on the other side of the Zuiderzee in east Friesland), as a gift from a group of believers. They founded a sanctuary, called ‘Mariahof’. This is where the ‘Kerkbuurt’ is located nowadays.

Willem IV

July 23, 1345

Willem IV

In the spring of 1345 the monks were expelled by William the Fourth of Holland. Their property was confiscated. Their land was surveyed and counted, which was formally adopt on July 23rd in the charters of land ownership.

Yards

January 1, 1500

Yards

In the fourteenth century, the land was flooded more and more often and because of this, the inhabitants decided to make mounds and there to rebuild their homes, high and dry from the water. The mounds were called yards.

Waterships

January 1, 1600

Waterships

In the 17th century the people of Marken devoloped their own ‘watership’, equipped with wet ship’s holds. Initially these ships where used for fishing, as well as for the transport of live fish. The ‘Batavia Yard’ in Lelystad started the construction of a replica in 2015.

Horse of Marken

January 1, 1700

Horse of Marken

The lighthouse, “Horse of Marken”, was build in 1700 as a so called ‘square beacon’. The Horse of Marken was one of Suyderzeese Fire Beacons.

Goudriaan

January 1, 1825

Goudriaan

At the beginning of the 19th century, Marken was part of the plan of King William I to build a canal to improve shipping access to Amsterdam, the ‘Goudriaan Channel’.

Flood

January 13, 1916

Flood

1916: Flood ravaged the Netherlands. On January 13th and 14th a disaster strikes because of a huge storm and excessive melt water from the major rivers of the Netherlands.

Afsluitdijk

January 1, 1932

Afsluitdijk

The disaster gave impetus to the construction of the ‘Afsluitdijk’ (the great Dam) and the ‘Zuiderzeewerken’. The plans for the reclamation of the Zuiderzee were concrete. The four islands: Wieringen, Urk, Schokland and Marken would thereby be enabled as natural fulcrum points.

Flevoland

January 1, 1940

Flevoland

In 1940 a start was made on the drainage and embankments of the future 12th province: Flevoland. One part of the Zuiderzee was Markerwaard, of which the first part of the dike between Marken and the mainland was built.

Peninsula

October 17, 1957

Peninsula

On October 17th, 1957, at 13:11 hours, at a temperature of 14 degrees, a weak sun and moderate southwest winds, the embankment between the mainland and Marken was opened by a seawall of 1.6 km. The “island of Marken” is now a peninsula.

Flevoland

January 1, 1976

Flevoland

A beginning was made with the construction of the Houtribdijk or “Markerwaarddijk” which connects Lelystad with Enkhuizen. A result of this was that the IJsselmeer and the Markermeer were separated. In 1986 the Netherlands officially got a 12th province; Flevoland.

Waterland

January 1, 1991

Waterland

Marken was a separate municipality until 1991. Since January 1st, 1991 Marken – as in the Middle Ages – again is part of Waterland, as one of the cities of the same municipality, when it merged into the amalgamated municipality Waterland.

The Flag

January 1, 2014

The Flag

The coat of arms of Marken was no longer used since Marken merged in the municipality Waterland in 1991. However, in 2014 it started a new life!

bron: gemeentemarken.nl